Arch is pleasant in that it let’s you take control of the installation process. You can install what you want to install, and skip what in your opinion is bloat.
When installing Arch always use the official documentation, the process changes.
If you want to e.g. vertically rotate your screen,
echo 1 > /sys/class/graphics/fbcon/rotate_all
UEFI is a replacement for BIOS and if your motherboard is configured for it you have files here,
If you have a wifi connection you can run “wifi-menu”, otherwise ethernet is automatically working. Check connection,
timedatectl set-ntp true timedatectl status
Look at your disk structure,
There are several ways to set up a partition structure, and one could argue that it’s better to have one for boot, one for root, one for home and so on, if something goes wrong in the system.
Usually a regular partition structure is,
|/mnt||Linux||Remainder of space|
The swap partition should be around x1.5 of your memory. To partition the disk you can use fdisk or cfdisk, in which cfdisk is graphical and more intuitive,
Select dos,then primary partition and bootable for the Linux partition and primary for the swap. Change the swap partition to be of type “Linux swap”. Check with “lsblk”.
If you do not get a menu in “cfdisk” to select label of the disk you may want to change the label to dos (given that you want to use dos and not gpt for UEFI system),
parted /dev/sda mklabel msdos quit
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1 mkswap /dev/sda2 swapon /dev/sda2
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt
Pick mirrors that are close to you. The higher up one the list a mirror is the higher priority it is given. This file will be copied in the installation process.
Install the distribution and any other programs that you want,
pacstrap /mnt base base-devel linux linux-firmware
Generate file system table file,
genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab vim /mnt/etc/fstab
You can see in the file that the option -U selected the UUID option and the /dev/sda is commented out.
Change root into your new system,
ls /usr/zoneinfo ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Stockholm /etc/localtime hwclock --systohc
Generate the locales and edit the config,
locale-gen vim /etc/locale.conf
Write “LANG=en_US.UTF-8”. Make the keyboard layout permanent,
Write your hostname, e.g. “ArchServer”.
Edit this file with the following information,
127.0.0.1 localhost ::1 localhost 127.0.1.1 myhostname.localdomain myhostname
Set password for the user that you are logged in as, we are logged in as root,
One thing that is not in the Arch installation guide is configuring the network internet settings. If you do not do this you will not have an internet connection when booting into your new system.
systemctl enable dhcpcd
pacman -S networkmanager systemctl enable NetworkManager
useradd -m magnus passwd magnus
Sudo is not installed by default as can be seen,
whereis sudo pacman -S sudo
Add user to groups, the wheel group gets you root access in Arch,
usermod -aG wheel,audio,video,optical,storage magnus groups magnus visudo
Uncomment “# %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL”.
pacman -S grub grub-install /dev/sda grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg